Based in Toulouse (France), MEDES is a group of economic interest created in 1989  with the mission to develop an expertise in the medical supervision of manned flights  and the preparations for future interplanetary manned missions and to apply  the results of space research on the areas of Healthcare.  In order to meet space and clinical resaerch needs, MEDES runs  a centre for medical experimentation, the Space Clinic. MEDES has also invested for more than  20 years in many telemedicine  or medical research projects.