Assessment of magnitude and importance of vector-borne diseases in Europe
|Project type:||Short Term RTD|
|Time frame:||2007 - 2008|
|Funding agency:||ECDC (Stockholm, Sweden)|
|Geographic keyword: Europe | Overseas territories|
|General keyword: Decision support | Action plan|
|Specific keyword: Emerging diseases | Vector borne diseases | Multidisciplinary qualitative risk assessment|
The ECDC mandate is to strengthen the capacity of the EU for the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Vector-borne diseases are a specific group of pathologies that represent an emerging (or re-emerging) threat to Europe, requiring particular attention. The continuous increase of international travel is one important risk factor for the importation of new pathogens on the continent, as is the extensive travel with the European overseas territories. The now generally recognized change of the global climate enhances the probability of the appearance of previously absent vectors, or may cause (is causing) an increased spread of vectors that were previously present in only limited numbers. This in turn increases the risk for autochthonous disease transmission, representing a threat for outbreaks and to the health of European citizens.
In order to be prepared for the challenge posed by this group of pathologies, ECDC wants to assess the current magnitude and importance of vector-borne diseases in Europe and develop a plan of action for the coming years. The term of vector-borne diseases covers those that are arthropod-borne (mosquitoes, mites, lice and ticks) and rodent-borne. In order to ensure a multidisciplinary approach to the problem, ECDC wishes to conclude a contract with a group of experts that represent the relevant expertise needed to fulfil this task, including clinical medicine, epidemiology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, entomology, acarology, mammalogy and ecology.
V-borne has two main tasks:
Task 1 – Development of short and long term action plan for ECDC
To achieve this V-borne aims at (1) identifying the vector-borne diseases relevant for public health in Europe, (2) providing an overview of the existing resources in Europe, (3) carrying out a multi disciplinary risk assessment and (4) identifying the priorities for future prevention and control.
Task 2 – Organization of expert meeting
After finalizing the activities described in task 1, a multidisciplinary meeting will be organized with relevant experts from the EU, in order to receive feedback on the risk assessment and to validate and further strengthen the proposed plan of action.
Legend to the figures:
Figure 1: V-borne work plan